In today's world, the threat of a nuclear explosion is a real and present danger. With the recent threats of terrorism, many people have expressed concern about the likelihood and effects of a nuclear explosion. Whether it's an accident at a nuclear power plant, a nuclear explosion, or a dirty bomb, it's important to know how to protect yourself from the consequences or you will have a short life. If you're in a stable structure, such as a basement or fire escape, you can shelter in place for a few days, if needed.
If your building is destroyed, you'll need to move to a nearby intact structure. Lock all doors, windows and air spaces. Entering a building and staying there is called sheltering in place. The walls of your home can block much of the harmful radiation.
Because radioactive materials weaken over time, staying indoors for at least 24 hours can protect you and your family until it's safe to leave the area. The effects of a nuclear explosion on a person will depend on the size of the bomb and how far away the person from the explosion is. However, a nuclear explosion would likely cause great destruction, death and injury, and would have a wide area of impact. Everyone should know how far they live and work from major nuclear power plants and potential nuclear attack sites. In a nuclear attack, a nuclear bomb is detonated in the air or on the ground, causing a devastating explosion. Here's how to act and where to take refuge if you receive an alert about an ICBM or other nuclear threat:
- If you're in an area that is likely to be affected by the blast wave or radiation, seek shelter immediately.
- If you're in an area that is not likely to be affected by the blast wave or radiation, stay inside until you receive further instructions.
- If you're outside when the blast wave arrives, lie flat on the ground and cover your head with your hands.
- If you're in an area that is likely to be affected by fallout radiation, stay inside until it's safe to leave.
Therefore, it's important to take all necessary precautions when dealing with any kind of radiation emergency.