Russia is the first state to use nuclear threats as part of a war of expansion. Unless you lose in Ukraine, the world will become a much more dangerous place. ICRC Director General Yves Daccord spoke in April last year about the increased risk of nuclear weapons being used and the need to abolish them, at the Symposium on the Risks of Nuclear Weapons organized by the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR). This is the first time that a state has used the threat of nuclear weapons to participate in a colonial conflict or in a war of expansion.
Regional tensions, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and materials to manufacture them together with terrorism and new technologies such as cybernetics mean that the risk of a nuclear weapon or device being used increases. Russia could only respond to reprisals for a nuclear attack with further nuclear escalation, which would be suicidal. Since launching its large-scale invasion of Ukraine, Russia has conducted an intense nuclear threat and signaling campaign designed to provide it with a strategic advantage. Putin's threats will fundamentally alter cost-benefit estimates of nuclear non-proliferation in many capitals.
Since then, several multilateral treaties have been established with the objective of preventing proliferation and nuclear testing, while promoting progress in nuclear disarmament. The very existence of nuclear weapons is a threat to future generations and, in fact, to the survival of mankind. Moniz and Sam Nunn applaud the Joint Declaration of the leaders of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States who pledge to prevent nuclear war and prevent arms races, in particular applauding their assertion that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. For example, Iran — which is slowly developing the capacity to produce a nuclear weapon on short notice — now has a pretext to rethink its nuclear commitments.