The threat of a nuclear attack is a frightening prospect, but it's important to know how to act and where to take refuge if you receive an alert about an ICBM or other nuclear threat. In the event of a nuclear attack, the most important thing you can do is seek shelter immediately and don't abandon it for at least 48 hours. If there is no reinforced room, you can lie under a sturdy table or next to (not under) a bed or sofa. You should stay away from doors, tall furniture, and windows, as they will likely break.
Enter the nearest building to avoid radiation. To help reduce the amount of radiation you are exposed to, reinforce walls and roof with dirt, tent materials, or anything else that you can easily access without being exposed to radiation from going outside. When you are able to leave your shelter, be sure to wear clothes from head to toe to avoid burns. It's also important to ration food and water while in your protected area, so there's enough for everyone. Everyone should know how far they live and work from major nuclear power plants and potential nuclear attack sites.
A bomb case would produce a very destructive nuclear explosion, but not as large as that of a nuclear weapon developed for strategic military purposes. In order to protect yourself from the effects of a nuclear explosion, it's important to understand the different types of radiation and how they can affect your body. Alpha particles are the least dangerous type of radiation and can be blocked by a sheet of paper or your skin. Beta particles are more dangerous and can penetrate through clothing and skin. Gamma rays are the most dangerous type of radiation and can penetrate through walls and other materials. To diagnose radiation sickness, look out for symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hair loss, skin burns, and diarrhea.
If you experience any of these symptoms after being exposed to radiation, seek medical attention immediately. In conclusion, it's important to be aware of the potential risks associated with a nuclear attack and know how to protect yourself in the event of one. Seek shelter immediately and don't abandon it for at least 48 hours. Ration food and water while in your protected area and reinforce walls and roof with dirt or tent materials.
Wear clothes from head to toe when leaving your shelter and look out for symptoms of radiation sickness.