The world is facing a new type of nuclear threat in the post-Cold War era. With the recent threats of terrorism, many people are concerned about the possibility and effects of a nuclear explosion. In order to protect ourselves, it is important to understand what a nuclear explosion is and how it can be prevented. A nuclear explosion, also known as a nuclear detonation, is the joining or splitting of atoms.
This process releases an immense amount of energy, which can cause significant destruction. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a significant amount of EMU, or “the approximate amount of nuclear material for which the possibility of manufacturing a nuclear explosive device cannot be excluded”, is 25 kg or 55.1 pounds. Theft of nuclear material from Russia's nuclear reserves has been an issue since 1991. This has raised concerns about the potential for a bomb case to produce a very destructive nuclear explosion, although not as large as that of a nuclear weapon developed for strategic military purposes. In order to protect ourselves from a nuclear attack, there are several options available.
One option is to build shelters that can provide protection from radiation and other effects of a nuclear explosion. During the Cold War, President John F. Kennedy advocated for the construction of shelters as an important element of civil defense against a nuclear attack. Another option is to limit weapons testing and reduce the number of weapons-grade materials from former Soviet nuclear reserves.
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty was an agreement between the United States and other nations that limited weapons testing and was in effect until its collapse earlier this year. Finally, if a nuclear event does occur, it is important to be aware of the best ways to protect yourself if it is not too large and does not involve a total exchange of nuclear weapons. It is important to stay informed about the latest news and developments in order to be prepared for any potential threats.