You must protect yourself from the consequences or you will have a short life. If you're in a stable structure, such as a basement or fire escape, you can shelter in place for a few days, if needed. If your building is destroyed, you'll need to move to an intact nearby structure. Lock all doors, windows and air spaces.
Enter the nearest building to avoid radiation. To survive a nuclear attack, seek shelter immediately and don't abandon it for at least 48 hours. While in your protected area, ration food and water to make sure there's enough for everyone. To help reduce the amount of radiation you are exposed to, reinforce walls and roof with dirt, tent materials, or anything else that you can easily access without being exposed to radiation from going outside.
When you can leave your shelter, be sure to wear head-to-toe clothing to avoid burns. To learn how to diagnose radiation sickness, keep reading. This means finding a place where you can take cover and protect yourself from explosion and radiation. The best place to seek shelter is an underground area, such as a basement or tunnel.
In all three zones, the best thing to do is to stay inside and bend down. Using a high estimate (see the next section below) of 5000 megatons for the world's total active nuclear arsenal, an estimate that half of that yield comes from fission (as opposed to fusion, which produces no side effects) and 60 kilograms of fission products per megaton of yield fission (from above), gives a total of 150 tons of fission products in total from an all-out nuclear war. This section is quite technical and not really necessary for the survival of nuclear war, except perhaps for a bold phrase, three paragraphs below, which says that for nuclear rain, the three R units are basically the same. The fourth surprising fact about nuclear war is that the long-term effects of exposure to nuclear rain are much smaller than is probably thought.
And the estimate they used of 10,000 megatons of bombs seems quite high, given that there are only 4000 active nuclear warheads, almost all of which are much less than a megaton and seem to be more related to the 1980s, when there were tens of thousands of nuclear warheads (before arms reduction treaties in large measure). reduced numbers). There are three types of nuclear weapon delivery systems, which the United States refers to as its nuclear triad. While not a book on how to survive a nuclear war, this detailed record of the only nuclear weapons detonated on Australian continental soil contains a wealth of useful information.
Here's how to act and where to take refuge if you get an alert about an ICBM or other nuclear threat. Almost everything on this nuclear war survival page is technical, rather than political, and most of the technical aspects of nuclear war survival don't change much over time. The effects of the first three of these hazards: fire, explosion and nuclear rain are well known and understood, largely thanks to all the nuclear bomb tests they conducted in the cold war. Although attempts are being made to tighten nuclear missile sites against nuclear attacks, the extent to which this is actually possible seems quite limited from what I can tell (see below).
A quote from retired Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, referring to the threat of nuclear weapons, says: “In some war situations, a reasonable Civil Defense program could do more to save lives than many active defense measures.”. Since the damage caused by nuclear warheads is obviously very extreme, there is a high probability that unfired nuclear weapons will be destroyed on the ground by an enemy attack. The chapter on nuclear agents has only 22 pages, plus another 19 pages of the appendix on the effects of nuclear agents (such as radiation sickness). This is supported by a quote from the book Effects of Nuclear Weapons, which says in paragraph 9.43: At one point it was suggested that the explosion of a sufficiently large number of nuclear weapons could result in such a wide distribution of plutonium as to pose a global danger.
The four main dangers of nuclear war (in order of time since the bomb explodes, and also in order of geographical distance from ground zero) are fire, explosion, rain and nuclear winter. . .